BERLIN

Castellano


The majestic Berlin really fascinates

Berlin is a historical city, its origins go back to more than 800 years, and however is a very modern city...It is also a very tolerant city. In Berlin quite different ethnic origins are mixed due mainly to the inmigration along many centuries. German, French hugenotes, Jews, Russian, Turks and many other different groups live together in the tolerant Berlin mixing races, religions, beliefs and styles.

Berlin also combines its historic works with the buildings from the current era. There you find the proportionate buildings with references to the Classical times. They are those big buildings of stone, with cubic forms by Karl Friedrich Schinkel and his pupils, who were a milestone in architecture in Berlin.

Then the influences of Renaissance and French Baroque arrived, that had as consequence the elaboration and dynamism of the facades with a style somehow extravagant. The historicism gave place to the neo-baroque forms by Ludwig Hoffmann.

Later on, a strong industrial development arose, and the capital of the Empire grew to a great extent. After the First World War, Berlin ended up being the center of the Modernism, although handicapped momentarily due to the economic crisis, developing the infrastructures and beginning a time of Socialist Nationalism architecture.

With the Second World War, big areas of the city were destroyed, and finally Berlin was divided and the Wall built in 1961. The west side for the French, English and American; and the Soviets in the East. Nowadays it is easy to get confused about where you really are, maybe the biggest and more visible difference can be appreciated in its architecture.

During these years the architecture in Berlin was conformed by names like Peter Behrens (and his industrial buildings), Oskar Kaufmann, Erich Mendelsohn, Max Taut, Martin Wagner, Bruno Taut, Hans Scharoun, Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier (Unité d’habitation), ... that sign urban plans and buildings in Berlin at the beginning of the century.

In 1990 the city is reunified, and it is being remodeled with the current, modern buildings of iron and glass, post-Berlin-wall, big challenges of our time, with relevant names in the current world of architecture as Aldo Rossi, Renzo Piano, Helmut Jahn, Giorgio Grassi, Norman Foster, Arata Isozaki, Richard Rogers, Frank O. Gehry, Libeskind, Zaha M. Hadid, Moneo, Parrault,... These are the buildings that are forming the Berlin of the 21st Century, where big sums of money have been invested and that want to make disappear from our memories the horrors that took place in Germany during the war.

Berlin is under construction (still of the many works that have already been executed and that are polishing the capital, nowadays one of the biggest European cities) Berlin is in a continuous and unstoppable change.

Staying for a week in Berlin is enough to become aware of the lot that this city has to offer to the visitor and to the villager, to enjoy, to see, to amuse. It is a show city, and of bohemian atmosphere, it is a city that has everything as a city of services. One week is enough time to know that there are many things to see and enjoy and admire. And it is time enough to realize that we need another week to savor it.

 

Berlin is the capital of the new ideas, of the economic payment, and of the big projects. Berlin is a city where the followers of good architecture can enjoy themselves. And here it is a sample (and I really mean a sample) because it would be very extensive some other way.

The Wall

 

Schauspielhaus Theatre

 

Altes Museum

 

Alte Nationalgalerie

 

Pergamon Museum

 

Berlin Cathedral

 

Reichstag

 

Brandenburg Gate

 

Tiergarden

 

Nikolai District

 

Orainburguer Strasse

 

Red City council

 

Charlottenburg Palace

 

Neo-Gothic Bridge

 

Jewish Museum

 

Alexanderplatz and Tower of Telecommunications

 

Sony A+T

 

Mercedes-Benz

 

Philharmonic

 

Neue Nationalgalerie

 

Republic Palace

IBA

Friedrichstadt-Passage

 

 


 

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